Property and Ideoscape. Landscape and Taskscape. Mother Earth. Investigating land use and how indigenous habitation, modern development, and natural change shape and affect rock art is crucial to understanding. This includes physical and material context, access and preservation, and perception and respect.
Church Rock in Shasta County, California, is exemplary for two reasons. All of the above dynamics play a role in appreciating this extensive site. Second, the historical documentation includes extensive ethnography, old-school on the ground recording, and 3D digital imaging. (Including access to the UC Davis KeckCAVE’s immersive visualization facility.) I know of no site in Oregon with this range of documentation.
Church Rock (CA-SHA-39) is more than a rock. It’s an areal distribution of hundreds of carvings on the surfaces of exposed bedrock near two streams managed as a two-acre “cultural resource protection area” by its owner the City Of Redding.
In remote areas I pay attention to fences, waterholes, dams, and reservoirs, roads, domestic grazing, hunting tracks and blinds, and power lines. In suburban zones and fringes it’s housing, roads again, pipelines, and, of course… Golf courses! 
This cultural “reserve” is downstream from a major private housing and golf course development. Agreement with the development helps control access (Church Rock is not open to the public), foster respect, with an aim toward preservation. (To view a satellite image of the golf links and the petroglyph bedrock is to time-travel. One wonders, how will this appear in the Future?)
 In Cups, Circles, and Golf Links I consider petroglyphs within two golf course developments: Big Island Hawaii and Northumberland England.
Three recommended, well-illustrated references
- Van Tilburg, Frank Bock, and A. J. Bock. 1987. The Church Rock Petroglyph Site: Field Documentation and Preliminary Analysis. Occasional Papers of the Redding Museum No. 4, 1987.
- Millett, Marshall and Ritter, Eric. 2013. "The Church Rock Petroglyph Site: Function, Style, Digital Documentation, and 3D Visualization" in International Federation of Rock Art Organizations 2013 Proceedings, American Indian Rock Art Vol. 40:1017-1040.
- Mary Gerbic. 2015. A Field Trip to Church Rock. In SCAN, Santa Cruz Archaeological Society, Winter-Spring 2015: 5-8.
- Golf Green in the vicinity of Church Rock. Photo Douglas Beauchamp 2016
- Viewing a high-resolution 3D scan of the Maidu Historic Trail and Site at the UC Davis KeckCAVE’s immersive visualization facility. (This not Church Rock; it’s an example of how 3D imaging of the site can be used.)
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